Moorish Architecture in Andalucia, Spain – the Mezquita in Cordoba and the Alcazar in Sevilla

20.05.2016
the Mihrab, Mezquita, Cordoba

The Mezquita, Cordoba

mezquita, cordoba, spain

Gate on the east side of the Mezquita or Mosque-Cathedral in Cordoba, dating from the time of al-Mansur (981-1002).
Emir ‘Abd ar-Rahman I began construction of a mosque on the site of an earlier Christian church in 785.
The mosque was enlarged and a new minaret built at various stages throughout the 9th and 10th centuries
until the Great Mosque reached it present dimensions under emir Al-Mansur around 979.

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The prayer hall on the north side in the Mezquita. Initially there were 19 doorways along the north filling the space with light, but only one remains.

mezquita, cordoba, spain

Detail in the prayer hall. Two-tiered arrangement of arches of yellow stone and red brick.

mezquita, cordoba, spain

Islamic and Christian architecture inside the Mezquita. 1236 saw the Christian conquest of Cordoba. The Mosque became a Christian place of worship
and in 1523 King Carlos I gave permission for the construction of the Capilla Mayor (main altar area), glimpsed to the left here,  and the coro (choir) in
the heart of the space.

mezquita, cordoba, spain

The Mihrab (prayer niche), the focus of the Mezquita, was added under al-Hakim II 962-71 in the southern wall, facing Damascus.

mezquita, cordoba, spain

The cathedral space in the centre of the Mezquita with the choir below.

mezquita, cordoba, spain

Capilla Real or Royal Chapel inside the Mezquita.

 

 

The Alcazar in Sevilla

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The palacio de Don Pedro, or Palace of Pedro I, 1364 – 1366 built by Nasrid craftsmen from Granada. Mudejar architecture, built by Muslims who remained in Spain after
the Christian Reconquista.

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A further detail in the Patio de las Doncellas – the Courtyard of the Maidens – in the Palacio de Don Pedro.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Patio de las Doncellas.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Patio de las Doncellas.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Alcoba Real, or Royal Quarters, on the northern side of the Patio de las Doncellas.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Alcoba Real – Royal Quarters –  to the Patio de las Munecas – Courtyard of the Dolls.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Salon de Embajadores, Hall of Ambassador’s, the throne room in Pedro I’s palace.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

The ceiling in the Sala de Embajadores. 1427

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Glimpse into the Patio del Yeso, dating from the Almohad era, C12th.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

Banos de Dona Maria de Padilla – the Baths of Lady Maria de Padilla.

alcazar, sevilla, spain

View of the gardens at the Alcazar from the Galeria de Grutesco.

 

nickkaneMoorish Architecture in Andalucia, Spain – the Mezquita in Cordoba and the Alcazar in Sevilla